||Morphological Study of the Articular Disc and Capillary of the Retrodiscal Tissue in a Type 2 Spontaneous Diabetes Mellitus Rat Model
||Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
||Uemura M, Toda I, Kawashima W, Yoshimoto G, Fang YR, XU YJ, LIU Y, ZHANG L, Takemura A
||The objective of this study was to evaluate morphological changes at the articular disc of the temporomandibular joint and capillary of the retrodiscal tissue in a rat model for type 2 spontaneous diabetes mellitus (DM) (i.e., Goto-Kakizaki [GK] rats) compared to normal Wistar rats. A total of 20 experimental rats were used in this study; the rats were categorized into the normal (n = 10 male 8-week-old Wistar rats) and DM (n = 10 male 8-week-old GK rats) groups. Hematoxylin-eosin stained specimens were obtained from 5 rats from each group. Image analyses of the hematoxylin-eosin stained specimens were conducted using light micrographs, which allowed comparisons of the thickness of the anterior, central, and posterior parts of the articular disc. Afterwards, the microvascular corrosion cast specimens were obtained from 5 rats from each group. The diameter of the capillary of the retrodiscal tissue was determined by analyzing scanning electron micrographs of the microvascular corrosion cast specimens. Student’s t-test was used to test for statistical significant differences between the 2 groups. Differences were considered significant when p < 0.01. We found that the thickness of the anterior, central, and posterior parts of the articular disc, and the diameter of the capillary of the retrodiscal tissue was significantly lower in the DM vs. normal group. Therefore, we consider that DM-associated the hyperglycemia causes atrophy of the articular disc and microangiopathy of the capillary of the retrodiscal tissue in GK rats.