||Xia L, Ma W, Zhou Y, Gui Z, Yao A, Wang D, Takemura A, Uemura M, Lin K, Xu Y
||Polycaprolactone (PCL) has attracted great attention for bone regeneration attributed to its cost-efficiency, high toughness, and good processability. However, the relatively low elastic modulus, hydrophobic nature, and insufficient bioactivity of pure PCL limited its wider application for bone regeneration. In the present study, the effects of the addition of boron containing bioactive glass (B-BG) materials on themechanical properties and biological performance of PCL polymer were investigated with different B-BG contents (0, 10, 20, 30, and 40wt.%), in order to evaluate the potential applications of B-BG/PCL composites for bone regeneration. The results showed that the B-BG/PCL composites possess better tensile strength, human neutral pH value, and fast degradation as compared to pure PCL polymers. Moreover, the incorporation of B-BG could enhance proliferation, osteogenic differentiation,
and angiogenic factor expression for rat bone marrow stromal cells (rBMSCs) as compared to pure PCL polymers. Importantly, the B-BG also promoted the angiogenic differentiation for human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).These enhanced effects had a concentration dependence of B-BG content, while 30wt.% B-BG/PCL composites achieved the greatest stimulatory effect. Therefore the 30wt.% B-BG/PCL composites have potential applications in bone reconstruction fields.