|表題||Improvement of oral hypofunction by a comprehensive oral and physical exercise programme including textured lunch gatherings.|
|掲載誌名||Jornal of Oral rehabilitation (ISSN:13652842)|
|著者・共著者名||Matsuo K, Kito N, Koichi Ogawa, Kijima M, Masuda Yuji, Itoda M|
|概要||The deterioration of oral function to a state of oral hypofunction (OHF) is reportedly
associated with malnutrition and frailty. Thus, we Investigated the association of
OHF with physical characteristics and function and test the effects of a programme
including comprehensive oral and physical exercises and textured lunch gatherings
(COPE-TeL programme) on oral and physical function in older adults with OHF.
Eighty-six community-dwelling older adults were randomly assigned into control
(n = 43) or intervention (n = 43) groups. The participants were further divided into
OHF and normal oral function (NOF) sub-groups based on initial oral examinations.
The intervention group participated in the 12-week COPE-TeL programme, while
the control group performed the physical exercise regimen only. The differences in
measured variables for physical and oral function between the OHF and NOF groups
were statistically tested, and changes in the proportion of participants with OHF
were examined. Physical function, such as hand grip strength and walking speed, was
significantly lower in the OHF group at the initial assessment. The proportion of participants
with OHF was 56% in the intervention group and 67% in the control group
before the trial, which became significantly reduced after completing the COPE-TeL
programme in the intervention group (26%, P = .002), but not in the controls (61%,
P = .549). Older adults with OHF may have diminished physical function. The COPETeL
programme of oral and physical exercises along with textured lunch gatherings
may be effective for older adults with OHF.